Past Perfect — Positive and Negative

Make the positive or negative past perfect simple

1) When I arrived at the cinema, the film (start).
2) She (live) in China before she went to Thailand.
3) After they (eat) the shellfish, they began to feel sick.
4) If you (listen) to me, you would have got the job.
5) Julie didn’t arrive until after I (leave).
6) When we (finish) dinner, we went out.
7) The garden was dead because it (be) dry all summer.
8) He (meet) her somewhere before.
9) We were late for the plane because we (forget) our passports.
10) She told me she (study) a lot before the exam.
11) The grass was yellow because it (not/rain) all summer.
12) The lights went off because we (not/pay) the electricity bill.
13) The children (not/do) their homework, so they were in trouble.
14) They (not/eat) so we went to a restaurant.
15) We couldn’t go into the concert because we (not/bring) our tickets.
16) She said that she (not/visit) the UK before.
17) Julie and Anne (not/meet) before the party.
18) I (not/have) breakfast when he arrived.
19) He (not/use) email before, so I showed him how to use it.
20) You (not/study) for the test, so you were very nervous.

Armenian sights and historical landmarks

Hi! I live in Echmiadzin, Armavir region.

Armavir, is a province (marz) in the western part of Armenia. Its capital is Armavir, and the largest city is Vagharshapat. It is located in the Ararat valley, between Mount Ararat and Mount Aragats, and shares a 45-mile border with Turkey to the south and west.The province is home to the spiritual centre of the Armenian nation; the Mother See of Holy Etchmiadzin of the Armenian Apostolic Church. It is the seat of the Catholicos of All Armenians.The province is named after the ancient city of Armavir founded in 331 BC. The province is also the site of the decisive Battle of Sardarabad in 1918 that resulted in the foundation of the Republic of Armenia. The battle is seen as a crucial historical event not only by stopping the Turkish advance into the rest of Armenia but also preventing the complete destruction of the Armenian nation.The Metsamor Nuclear Power Plant is also located in Amravir Province near the town of Metsamor.The Yerevan Zvartnots International Airport is located near the village of Parakar in Armavir Province (12km west of Yerevan). Plan the details of your Armavir Province holiday and any onward adventuring with our easy-to-use Armenia online road trip planner.

Zvartnots Temple

Zvartnots Cathedral, an open-air museum
Zvartnots Cathedral - Ancient History Encyclopedia

Zvartnots, a complex of buildings near Vagharshapat, has exceptional architectural value. It consisted of Zvartnots temple and the palace of Catholicos. This majestic cathedral was built in 641-661 years by order of the Catholicos Nerses III the Builder, who due to construction activities was called «Builder». Zvartnots was erected at the place where king Trdat III walked toward Gregory the Illuminator, arriving to Vagharshapat, and it is assumed that Catholicos Nerses III built the temple as a dedication to this meeting. So, the temple is also called St. Gregory, however, it’s better known as Zvartnots, since it was also devoted to heavenly angels. «Zvartun» meant «angel» in ancient times and, therefore, Zvartnots is Temple of Celestial Angels. According to the medieval Armenian historian Movses Kaghankatvatsi, the cathedral was consecrated in 653. Following the Arab occupation of Dvin and the intensifying wars between the Byzantine and Arab armies on the eastern borders, Nerses transferred the patriarchal palace of the Catholicos from Dvin to Zvartnots.

At the end of X century Zvartnots was destroyed probably by an earthquake, but historical sources are silent as to the cause of its collapse. Zvartnots remained buried until its remains were uncovered at the start of the 20th century under the direction of vardapet (Archimandrite) Khachik Dadyan . The site was excavated between 1901-1907 with participation of architect Toros Toramanyan, who restore the temple design and till now most scholars accept this reconstruction. It became known that this central-dome temple consisted of three reducing in diameter polyhedrons crowned with a cone-shaped cupola. Zvartnots was built from light gray to black colored tufa stones and had 5 entrances, and the height of the temple was almost 45 meters, while the diameter of the lower polyhedron was equal to 35.75 meters.

Architectural style and beauty of Zvartnots were so significant, that during the final decade of X century, king Gagik I Bagratuni ordered architect Trdat to build a close imitation of the temple in Ani, Gagikashen Church (St. Gregory).

Saint Gayane Church

Պատկեր:Gayane3.jpg - Վիքիպեդիա՝ ազատ հանրագիտարան

The Church of Saint Gayane is located in Echmiadzin town – the religious center of Armenia. The church was built by the order of Catholicos Ezra in 630. The place for the church was not chosen randomly. In this very place, there was a chapel in which Gayane, the abbess of Christian virgins, was martyred by the hands of Armenian King Trdat. Gayane was later elevated to the rank of saints. Now the relics of Saint Gayane are buried in the southern part of the church.

The Church of Saint Gayane is located to the south of the Etchmiadzin Cathedral. Simple dome basilica has the characteristic style of the architecture of the VII-th century. The dome is located on four columns, which gives the church the shape of a cross. Despite the fact that the church does not have decorative elements, it looks no less luxurious on the background of the main cathedral.

In 1652 the church was reconstructed, and in 1683 a gallery was added to the western façade. Here is located a necropolis with the buried hierarchs of the Armenian clergy.

Saint Gayane Church, like other churches on the territory of Etchmiadzin, is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Gevorkian Seminary

Gevorgyan Seminary in Vagharshapat, Armenia | Sygic Travel

Gevorkian Theological Seminary is a theological university[4] of the Armenian Apostolic Church founded by Catholicos George IV in 1874. It is located in the town of Vagharshapat (Etchmiadzin) within the complex of the Mother See of Holy Etchmiadzin, Armenia.
Serious restructuring of the Gevorkian Seminary took place in 1999 when Karekin II, Supreme Patriarch and Catholicos of All Armenians, ascended the throne of Saint Gregory the Illuminator. Catholicos Karekin proposed to increase the number of students while at the same time raising the responsibilities of the administrative and teaching staff.

Under the supervision and immediate participation of the Catholicos, the educational curriculum of the seminary underwent fundamental changes. To guarantee a high level of education, doctors, professors and candidates of sciences; who have devoted their lives to educate Armenian youth and develop sciences, were invited to teach in the seminary.
Current status
In 2001–2002 the Gevorkian Theological Seminary acquired the status of an Institution of Higher Religious Education. After review of the restructuring and enhanced curriculum, the Ministry of Education of the Republic of Armenia granted the seminary the status of a Religious University. In 2002, a major reconstruction effort was undertaken due to the donations of Gevork and Sirvard Hovnanian of the United States. Every room of the seminary has been refinished, and the structural integrity of the building enhanced. The new classrooms were used starting with the 2003/2004 school year.

Saint Hripsime Church

Saint Hripsime Church - Wikipedia

The VII century temple of Saint Hripsime is located at the entrance to Echmiadzin town and immediately attracts attention with its majesty.

The name of the church is connected with the history of St. Hripsime. Hripsime was one of the Christians who ran away from Rome to Armenia in 301 hoping to find shelter. Hripsime was so beautiful that the Roman emperor himself could not resist her beauty. After refusing the Emperor, Hripsime and her friends had to run away to Alexandria, where the Mother of God appeared to her and showed the way to Armenia. Unfortunately, the virgins did not find peace in Armenia as well, as King Trdat, hearing about the beauty of Hripsime, also wanted to take her as his wife. Being refused by Hripsime, the king ordered to kill all 37 Christians.

In the IV century on the site of the execution of Hripsime a chapel was built, and in the VII century, the Hripsime church was built instead of the chapel. The relics of St. Hripsime, who was later canonized, are kept in a crypt, under the altar of the church.

Throughout its history, the church has been repeatedly destroyed and rebuilt. Today the Church of St. Hripsime is in excellent condition, and, as a unique value, has been included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Հեռավար ուսուցում․անգլերեն

Short Inspirational Story of A Failure – WALT DISNEY

Walt Disney’s success story was full of painful events and failures.

When he returned from serving as a Red Cross  volunteer in World War I, he’d had enough time to think about his future. He wanted to make cartoon motion pictures. So in 1920 he started his own company at the age of 19, drawing cartoons of the creatures from his childhood.

At the same time he had so little money to pay the rent, being forced to live with friends and often going without food. He failed to sell a single cartoon.

At the age of 22, he went bankrupt after the brutal failure of a cartoon series in Kansas City. He went bankrupt several times. He also wanted to become a Hollywood actor but it never happened. He was once fired by a newspaper editor who accused him to be lazy and lacking imagination and creative ideas.

Three years later he left Kansas City for Hollywood to pursue his childhood dream. He set up a studio in a converted garage and, after five years – a long time when he is without an income, he struck little success with a short animation of ‘Alice in Cartoonland’ and ‘Oswald the Rabbit’.

But again in 1928 some of his cartoonists left taking Oswald with them. Disney was shattered. His success was short lived and he returned to having nowhere to live and little money for food.

But his secret of success was within him. Out of the disaster he created his first Mickey Mouse character and, suddenly, he was on the road to real success.

Rest is the history…!!!All the adversity I’ve had in my life, all my troubles and obstacles, have strengthened me… You may not realize it when it happens, but a kick in the teeth may be the best thing in the world for you.” Walt Disney

painful events and failures— ցավալի իրադարձություններ ու անհաջողություններ:
failed— ձախողվեց
 bankrupt— սնանկ
brutal failure— դաժան ձախողում
never happened— երբեք չի եղել
fired— վառել է
accused— մեղադրվում է
lazy-ծույլ
lacking— պակասում է
without an income— առանց եկամտի
shattered— փշրված
nowhere to live— ոչ մի տեղ ապրել
kick in the teeth— հարվածել ատամներին

Grammar. The questions

Special questions1

1. He ran across the street.
Where did he run?
2. She said it very politely.
How did she say it?
3. I spent my holidays in Switzerland.
Where did you spend your holidays?
4. I play three times a week.
How often do you play?
5. My brother teaches me a lot.
Who teaches you a lot?
6. They gave up on Monday.
When did they give up?
7. They started the climb on Sunday morning.
What did they start on Sunday morning?
8. The children went to the shopping centre.
Who went to the shopping centre?
9. They met at the station.
Where did they meet?
10. He did his workout.
What did he do?
11. Two policemen enter the room.
Where do two policemen enter
12. The men come a little closer.
Who comes a little closer?
13. The two women come from Brazil.
Who comes from Brazil?
14. They worked carefully.
How did they work?
15. The jacket is 50 dollars.
How much is the jacket?

Special questions2

1. They took the children home.
Who did they take home?
2. He went to the bakery.
Where did he go?
3. They got to the airport by taxi.
How did they get to the airport?
4. They go shopping once a week.
How often do they go shopping?
5. Jane opened the door.
Who opened the door?
6. They have got five cats.
How many cats have they got?
7. He bought a house.
What did he buy?
8. The cat ate the fish.
What did the cat eat?
9. The plant pot fell on the floor.
What fell on the floor?
10. They sell 20 kilos of sugar a day.
How many kilos of sugar do they sell a day?
11. She found Pamela’s key.
Whose key did she find?
12. The boys play football.
Who plays football?
13. They came late because they had caused an accident.
Why did they come late?
14. He lives in a big house.
Where does he live?
15. His car broke down.
What broke down?

Special questions3

1. Who sits next to Frank? Clara.
2. Where does the boy come from? He’s from Newcastle.
3. How old are her children? They are seven and ten.
4. When is Peter’s birthday? In April, I think.
5. How much is the shirt? It’s twenty pounds.
6. Who is best at playing tennis? It’s Bob.
7. Where are you going? I’m going to my friends.
8. How much is an orange juice? It’s fifty pence.
9. When does the restaurant open? It opens at six o’ clock.
10. Where can I get some ice cream? You can get some at the snack bar.
11. What are you going to order? Fish and chips.
12. What are you going to do on Saturday? I don’t know.
13. Who has got my pullover? I have got it.
14. What is your name? Carol.
15. When is Susan’s party? It’s on Friday.

Tag questions1

  1. He’s been to Texas, hasn’t he?
  2. Dogs like meat, don’t they?
  3. There are some apples left, aren’t there?
  4. I’m late, aren’t I?
  5. Let’s go, shall we?
  6. Don’t smoke, will you?
  7. He does sing in the bathroom, doesn’t he?
  8. He’ll never know, will he?
  9. I think he’s from India, isn’t he?
  10. Lovely day today, isn’t it?

Tag questions2

  1. He sometimes reads the newspaper, doesn’t he?
  2. You are Indian, aren’t you?
  3. They had a nice weekend, didn’t they?
  4. Peggy didn’t use the pencil, did she?
  5. Mary has answered the teacher’s question, hasn’t she?
  6. The boy is from Turkey, isn’t he?
  7. Sue wasn’t listening, was she?
  8. Andrew isn’t sleeping, is he?
  9. Tom and Maria will arrive at Heathrow, won’t they?
  10. She has a brother, hasn’t she?

Tag questions 3

  1. She is collecting stickers, isn’t she?
  2. We often watch TV in the afternoon, don’t we?
  3. You have cleaned your bike, haven’t you?
  4. John and Max don’t like maths, do they?
  5. Peter played handball yesterday, didn’t he?
  6. They are going home from school, aren’t they?
  7. Mary didn’t do her homework last Monday, did she?
  8. He could have bought a new car, couldn’t he?
  9. Kevin will come tonight, won’t he?
  10. I’m clever, aren’t I?

PLANTS AND THEIR USES.

From earliest times plants are known to play an important part in every-day
life of man. We know plants to provide us with food, clothes, shelter and many
other necessary things. We are still as dependent upon plants as primitive man
was thousands years ago. Great necessity caused primitive man to grow plants.
And the cultivation of plants is thought to be closely connected with man’s
progress. In order to grow plants one had to settle down and to begin building
houses. Primitive men had few needs except food and clothing. Civilization has
increased man’s wants to a surprising extent. The man of today is no longer
satisfied with merely having food to eat and house to live in. He wants raw
materials, which can be made into useful things and products. Our food and
clothing are produced directly or indirectly by plants. Many animals feed on
plants and produce food and raw materials used by man. Without plant neither
animals nor men will be able to live. Many things we use in everyday life are
made from plants. The paper we write on, the clothes we wear, the tables we sit
at, all come from plants. Plants are used as timber in the making of furniture and
as fuel. Many drugs are made from plants.
Plant culture began a great many years ago. The most important plants in the
world are said to have been grown 4.000 years ago. There exist very many
species of plants. But the best known to most people are those that are useful to
men. They are grown and cultivated by farmers and are called farm crops. These
crops are used for many different purposes.
Some are used directly by man, some are consumed by animals, others are
used in industry and medicine. We can certainly expect new uses to be found and the value of other plants to be discovered.

1.Answer the questions.

  1. Why are plants so important in our life? Because plants to provide us with food, clothes, shelter and many other necessary things.
  2. Are we dependent upon plants? Yes
  3. What has civilization increased? The man of today is no longer satisfied with merely having food to eat and house to live in.
  4. What were primitive men’s needs? Primitive men had few needs except food and clothing.
  5. What is farm crop? The best known to most people are those that are useful to men. They are grown and cultivated by farmers and are called farm crops.
  6. What are the spheres of the usage of plants? These crops are used for many different purposes.Some are used directly by man, some are consumed by animals, others are used in industry and medicine.

2. Shelter, great necessity, many drugs, the value

3. Earliest times, crops, dependent upon plants, thousands years ago, to be closely connected with man’s progress, Primitive men…

4.

  1. We know that plant provide us with food .
  2. We still depend on plants.
  3. If we want to cultivate this crop we must study its characteristics.
  4. These plants are used for feeding animal .
  5. cultivation of plants is connected with man’s progress.

5. 1.Some plants have been cultivated for over four thousand years

2.Plants provide us with food and clothing

3.Plants are the raw material from which we make various things

4. The most important plants are agricultural because they are used directly by humans

5.Many medicines are made from plants

6.The plants provide us with wood from which furniture, paper and other items are made

7.We know these plants well

8.To understand how a plant grows, you need to study botany

9.Agricultural crops are the most important plants in our lives

Hotel in Yerevan

Set in Yerevan, 3-minutes walk from Republic Square, Golden Palace Hotel Yerevan features a fitness center, as well as free WiFi. This property is located a short distance from attractions such as Armenian Opera and Ballet Theater and History Museum of Armenia. Guests can enjoy meals on rooftop restaurant and have drinks at the bar. Free private parking is also available.

Designed with marble bathrooms and classic Italian furniture, the soul of the hotel lies in the charming cultural decor. All guest rooms in the hotel are fitted with a flat-screen TV with satellite channels. Golden Palace Hotel Yerevan provides some rooms that have a balcony, and every room is equipped with a coffee machine. The rooms at the accommodations include air conditioning and a desk. The hotel offers a hot tub. Hotel features views of the modern and ancient Armenian streets.

A continental breakfast is available daily at Golden Palace Hotel Yerevan.

This is our guests’ favorite part of Yerevan, according to independent reviews.

It is located on North Avenue․

Present perfect

1. Sophie and I have known each other since we were at school together.

2. I have played tennis since I was eight years old.

3. Alain has been in hospital three times this year.

4. I have wanted  to be an actor for as long as I can remember.

5. My uncle has smoked 40 cigarettes a day for 40 years – and he’s a doctor!

6. You have had that suit for more than ten years! Isn’t it time to get a new one?

7. Since he finished university, my brother has worked  in five different countries.

8. Zerrin has watched that TV programme every week since it started.

9. I have never liked  bananas. I think they’re horrible!

10. What’s the most interesting city you have ever visited ?

My favourite writer

Paruyr Sevak is my favourite writer. He is considered one of the greatest Armenian poets of the 20th century. He mainly wrote poems. Paruyr Sevak is a writer I can talk about endlessly․ You have to feel it to be able to understand. Sevak is one of those writers who writes with the senses, writes sincerely, instinctively, without thinking that it is the most important, Sevak writes out of time, I read his writings, I read and I will read․

Կոմիտասյան օրեր

KOMITAS

Սեպտեմբերյան նախագիծ՝ Կոմիտասյան օրերին

Նախագծի նպատակը և ընթացքը.

Անգլերեն և ռուսերեն լեզուներով ծանոթանալ Կոմիտասի կյանքին, ուսումնասիրել ժամանակակիցների մտքերը նրա մասին, զբոսաշրջային այց կատարել Կոմիտասի թանգարան-ինստիտուտ, պանթեոն։

Արդյունքների ամփոփումը տեսաֆիլմի տեսքով

  • Պատրաստել տեսաֆիլմ «Ժամանակակիցները Կոմիտասի մասին»

Նախագծի մասնակիցներ՝

Քոլեջի 2-րդ կուրսի սովորողներ

Նախագծի համակարգող՝ Լիլիթ Սարգսյան, Մարիամ Քալանթարյան

Արդյունքներն ուղարկել իմ էլեկտրոնային հասցեին՝ lilitsargsyan@mskh.am

Positive and negative

Positive-happy, beautiful, friendly, kind, joker, generous, honest, trustworthy, modest, clever, sincere, artistic, courageous

Negative-crafty, cynical, jealous

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